Cultivation on straw bales is a technique that comes to us from North America. It is known as straw bell growing and makes growing vegetables easy and convenient. So the hay bales are above the ground, but they feed the ground by changing with the changing seasons. Discover the straw baling technique plus all its advantages for a practical and productive vegetable garden.
Cultivation on straw bales: why and how?
The goal of this culture is very simple: just find bales of straw and plant or plant your plants in them. Then the straw is in the process of decomposition, which will provide the necessary nutrients to the plants.
The advantage of this technique is that it does not require ground level work and does not require a specific type, since the crops are carried out above the ground. Thus, it makes it possible to avoid weeds while providing a more comfortable surface for the back since the shoes are raised.
Thatch provides an ideal place for plants to grow because it is a well-ventilated and well-drained medium. In addition, it produces heat as it decomposes, keeping the plants at an ambient temperature of about 20°C.
However, this technology is very greedy in water, but also in nitrogen-rich fertilizers. In fact, to activate the decomposition process, water and nitrogen must be supplied regularly.
Which plants grow on straw?
Vegetable plants do well in this environment. However, the shelf life of straw is limited to about two years. You can easily grow tomatoes, zucchini, peppers, beans, potatoes, aromatic plants, strawberries, peas, beans, melons, cucumbers and even pumpkins. Be careful, carrots do not grow well in straw.
Can we use all kinds of straws?
Wheat straw has the advantage that it degrades more slowly than oats or barley, for example. It is best chosen organically to avoid the chemicals on your farms. Avoid hay at all costs, it is not suitable for the farmer.
Your bundle of hay should be quite narrow and the stems held vertically to improve the passage of water and fertilizer to the roots.
How to grow a vegetable garden on straw bales?
Before you begin, you need to get your shoes ready. Put it in a sunny place and water it several times for 3 days to moisten it well. Add the nitrogen-rich fertilizer and water for another week. You can also add compost to the shoe and cover it with a tarp along with water and nitrogen to stimulate faster fermentation.
You can then start sowing and planting after 10 days of fermentation and when the boot drops to 20°C.
Add potting soil to the collection and place your seedlings. For planters, make holes in the straw and fill them with potting soil. Then you just need to water daily and fertilize once a week.