Its red and sweet flesh has invaded market stalls since the beginning of spring: we’re of course talking about strawberries! Strawberries easily find their place in the vegetable garden, but they can also be grown in plantings on the balcony, veranda or simply on the windowsill. Although runners are the most common crop, it is possible to sow strawberry seeds. You just need to know the right gestures to get delicious strawberries to savor in the spring. Here are all our tips.
How do I plant strawberries?
Sowing strawberry seeds:
Before you begin, know that strawberry seeds need a bit of cool weather to germinate, just like they do in nature. So it is recommended that you put your own seeds in the fridge for two weeks before sowing.
When to plant: The ideal time to sow strawberry seeds is in spring. sow Under cover between March and April Or, depending on your region, between May and June outdoors. The main point to remember is that the seeds needTemperature above 18°C to sprout.
Where to plant: For warm sowing, you can use trays to facilitate planting in the garden or directly into pots or planters if you plan to keep your crop indoors. Your pots and planters should have holes in the bottom (important in case of overwatering). Don’t forget to add a layer of clay gravel at the bottom to improve drainage.
exposure : very sunny
How to plant: Just plant your seeds on top of rich, moist soil without flooding them. The temperature should not be less than 20 ° C. You will then only have to gently pat it down and water it.
Cultivation of strawberry plants:
- The ideal time to start planting in the ground is early autumn, in September. However, it is possible to start at the end of summer during the second half of August.
- Prepare the soil by incorporating well-rotted compost and basic fertilizer.
- Dig holes for each plant, spaced 30-40 cm each.
- Each row should be spaced 50-60 cm apart.
- Tamp the soil around the strawberry plant, letting the collar stick out.
- Thanks to the runners, the strawberries will multiply.
- Mulch around plants to protect them from weeds, keep the soil cool and keep fruit safe.
- Water regularly without excess. The soil should always be slightly moist.
How do you keep your strawberry plant?
quench: The seedlings should be kept slightly moist constantly, that is until upload which usually happens After one to four weeks. For this, you can simply use a mist filled with water and mist the soil once or twice a week.
Implant: Transplant your strawberries to their final location when the plants have them 5 sheets Spacing each plant at least 20 cm.
After planting: Remove the runners (creeping stems emerging from the main foot) as you go, as they will draw energy from this fruit tree uselessly. Don’t skip the mulch, it protects the strawberries. Do not forget to treat strawberries against aphids and other pests, but be careful: without chemicals! Try our non-toxic natural bug spray instead!
Everbearing strawberries (Mara des bois, Cirafine, Maïka, Capron Royal, etc.) are harvested from May to June and then throughout the fall. Non-residual strawberries (Gariguette, Alpine, Talisman, Matis, Apricot, etc.) are harvested in May-June. The latter has only one production cycle. In terms of volumes, we get about 1.5 kg / m². They should be picked when they are ripe and get an intense red color, preferably those exposed to the sun first. in addition to It is better to choose them in the morning To maintain its freshness and flavour.